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 Geschichte Bayerns > Culture > Town Architecture and Town Crafts
Town Architecture and Town Crafts

Forms of municipal self-administration gradually developed in the towns of Bavaria, and especially in the free imperial cities which enjoyed self-rule until 1806. In the trading and financial centre of Augsburg, civic pride was reflected in such municipal buildings as the Zeughaus (1602-1607), the Town Hall (1615-1620) and three magnificent fountains. The other imperial cities also adorned themselves with representative buildings.

The goldsmiths and silversmiths from Augsburg and Nuremberg were particularly renowned for their work, as were the copperplate engravers and watchmakers. In Nuremberg, Martin Behaim (1459-1506) created the first ever globe; Erhard Etzlaub (+1532) developed the first compass and numerous precise street maps; and Peter Henlein (1485-1542) made small, portable watches.