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 Geschichte Bayerns > Review > After World War I
After World War I

The catastrophe of World War I led to collapse in Bavaria too. The proclamation of a "Free State of Bavaria" on November 7, 1918 by Kurt Eisner and his followers brought the monarchy to an end.

On January 12, 1919 a democratic state parliament was elected. Following the murder of Minister-President Kurt Eisner on February 21, 1919 a Bolshevik Republic was proclaimed, but its advocates were then crushed by imperial army troops. In the years that followed, Bavaria became a focus of right-wing radical movements, and these culminated in the abortive putsch attempt by Adolf Hitler on November 8, 1923.