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 Geschichte Bayerns > Review
Bavaria in Roman Times   The Duchy of Bavaria   The Various Bavarian Territories
   
For more than 500 years, vast regions of today's Bavaria belonged to the Roman Empire. They formed part of the Roman province of Raetia, later known as Raetia secunda, with its capital ...

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  The region occupied by Bavaria today was settled in around 600AD by three tribes: the Baiern, the Franconians and the Swabians. Today's Northern Bavaria was controlled by the Franconians, ...

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  The original sovereign territory occupied by Bavaria was limited to what we today refer to as "Old Bavaria": the regions of Upper Bavaria, Lower Bavaria and, since 1623, the Upper ...

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The Electorate of Bavaria (1623-1806)   The Kingdom of Bavaria (1806-1918)   After World War I
   
The Bavarian Wittelsbachers were accorded the right to elect the emperor in the year 1623. The duke at that time, Elector Maximilian I, achieved this rise in status as a result of, ...

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  Bavaria was a kingdom for over 100 years, from January 1, 1806 to November 8, 1918. The six Bavarian kings reigned as constitutional monarchs. The first Bavarian monarch, Max Joseph ...

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  The catastrophe of World War I led to collapse in Bavaria too. The proclamation of a "Free State of Bavaria" on November 7, 1918 by Kurt Eisner and his followers brought the monarchy ...

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Coping with National Socialism   Reconstruction    
     
Despite the connections between the church and the monarchy, 43 percent of the Bavarian population voted for Adolf Hitler as Chancellor on March 5, 1933. As a result, Bavaria lost ...

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  After the end of World War II, on September 19, 1945, the US military government issued its "Proclamation No. 2", reconstituting the land of Bavaria with its pre-1933 borders and depriving ...

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